Resume Writing - Online Article



Introduction

The resume Is a tool with one main purpose to win an interview. If your resume doesnt get you an interview, it isn’t an effective resume. A secondary purpose of the resume is to build up as nicely as possible for the interview. The subtle clues that you drop in your resume about yourself, can in a sense, direct at least a part of the interview into your zone of comfort or area of expertise.

But, first and foremost, it is about making an impression that will force the prospective employer to want to meet you. A resume is an advertisement, nothing more, nothing less. A great resume doesn’t just tell them what you have done but makes the same assertion that all good ads do: It you buy this product, you will get these specific, direct benefits. It presents you in the best light. It convinces the employer that you have what it takes to be successful in this new position or career. It is so pleasing to the eye that the reader is enticed to pick up and read It. It whets the appetite,” stimulates interest in meeting you and learning more about you.

A well-written resume establishes you as a professional person with high standards and excellent writing skills, based on the tact that the resume is so well done (clear, well organized, well-written, well-designed, of the highest professional grades of printing and paper). Yes, even the seemingly minute details can make the difference, just like the music in the background of an advertisement

  • Research shows that your resume will be quickly scanned, rather than read.
  • 10 to 20 seconds Is all the time you have to persuade a prospective employer to read further.

What does this really mean? This means that the decision to interview a candidate is usually based on an overall first impression of the resume, a quick screening. This screening must so impress the reader and convince him of your qualifications that an interview results.

  • As a result, the top half of the first page of your resume will either make you or break you.

By the time the prospective employer has read the first few lines, you have either caught his/her interest, or your resume has failed. To write an effective resume, you have to learn how to write powerful, but subtle advertising copy. Not only that, but you must also sell a product in which you have large personal Investment: you.

Most of us do not think in a marketing-oriented way naturally, and you too are probably not looking forward to selling anything, let alone yourself. But, you do not need to hard sell or make any claims that are not absolutely true. But you do need to get over your modesty and unwillingness to blow your own trumpet. You must realize that people more often buy the best-advertised product than they buy the best product. Thai is good news if you are willing to learn to create an excellent resume. With a little extra effort, you will find that you will usually get a better response from prospective employers than people with better credentials.

Imagine that you are the person who will be doing the hiring. What sort of a person would you look for?

  • While writing a resume, focus on the needs of the employer, rather than your own needs.

Ask yourself: What would make someone the perfect candidate for this lob? What special abilities would this person have What does the employer really want II you are seeking a lob in a field you know well, you probably already know what would make someone a superior candidate You could even call the prospective employer and ask them what they want. Don't make wild guesses unless you have to. It Is very important to do this step well. II you are not addressing the real needs 01 the employer, he &she is unlikely to respond to your resume.

The Approach To Writing A Good Resume

A Misplaced Notion

People tend to use resumes as a tool to provide as much information about themselves as possible. Widespread as this phenomenon may be, it fails to be the right approach on several accounts.

  • Your resume will only be scanned. No one would have the time to read through insignificant details.
  • Your purpose Is to win an Interview. You need to keep something for the interview as well.
  • Your resume should make you stand out from others. If most others write long resumes, your concise version is likely to get noticed (and rewarded)!

Therefore, “More information is better” is a wrong Perspective.”

Characteristics of a Good Resume

You must keep the following factors in mind while writing your resume.

  1. Use it as a marketing tool that highlights your major accomplishments and related experience for the reader. Just because an accomplishment is important to you, does not mean it is important to an employer.
  2. Keep it short. If you are finding it very difficult to cull your resume down, you are probably concentrating too much on the accomplishments that you feel should be included rather than on those, which a particular type of employer or an admissions committee will find valuable.
  3. Make it visually powerful. Effective resumes are clean, easy to read, and not foreboding. Time is precious. Effective use of formatting allows the reader to ascertain what he or she wants and needs to know quickly — this is called "scanability."
  4. Keep it results-oriented. Powerful resumes tell the reader not just what you did but also how you did it and indicate the result whenever possible. A resume need not include detailed or obvious job descriptions. Use the space to outline significant accomplishments/ experiences that demonstrate relevant skills.

Getting Started

Market Research

The more you know about the institute/position/firm/job you are applying to, the better able you will be to tailor your resume and your job search campaign. Think of yourself as a product that you are marketing to employers. Companies do not launch a new product without conducting extensive market research — neither should you.

P-A-A exercise

Market Research will help you determine which skills and accomplishments you should include on your resume. The P-A-R (Problem/project - Action - Result) exercise will help you break down your accomplishments into effective ‘resume-speak.” The following procedure would help you make effective use of the P-A-A technique.

  • Begin by making a list of your accomplishments. Don’t worry about chronological order.
  • Write down what the Problem or project was, describe in the fewest possible words.
  • Write down the Action you took to solve the problem or complete the project,
  • Write down the Result of your action, In as quantifiable a manner as possible.

Obviously, not every item on your resume will conform well to this format nor will all accomplishments lend themselves to quantifiable results. Neither of these are reasons to omit a noteworthy item from your resume. However, whenever possible, use the P-A-A technique to make your resume speak.

The Basic Parts Of A Resume

Identification

The first part of any resume, the identification information, includes your name, address, phone number and email. This information should be highly visible, preferably at the top, and definitely on the first page of your resume. The employer should be able to find your contact information without having to search through resume.

Objective / Skill Summary / Summary of Experience

You could use either an objective statement or a skill-summary to begin your resume. Some experts find that providing employers with a quick reference of a career objective or skill set is an effective way to get an employers attention, while others feel that the space, so precious on a resume, could be better used. You must use an objective only if you have something to say that will make the employer or the admission committee sit up and take immediate notice.

Objective

Objectives are statements at the beginning of your resume that indicate the kind of position you are seeking. Ideally, your resume should focus toward conveying why you are the perfect candidate for one specific job or job title.

You may even want to change some parts of your resume for each job you apply for.

  • Have an objective that Is perfectly matched with the job you are applying for.
  • The purpose of using an “Objective” is to create a specific psychological response In the reader’s mind.
  • Keep it short, to the point and without any flowery text.

if you are making a career change or are a young person, you want the employer to immediately focus on where you are going, rather than where you have been. if you are looking for another job in your present field, it is more important to stress your qualities, achievements and abilities first.

When to Use an Objective

If you have a very specific employment goal, an objective can be a quick and effective way to tell an employer where your interests lie, especially if you are a career-changer. If you are seeking a position in a field in which you have already developed an expertise, an objective is unnecessary because an employer will make assumptions based on your past experience.

  • Keep in mind that an objective may take you out of the running for positions outside your stated objective.

Skill Summary (or Summary of Experience)

Skill summaries, also usually found at the top of the resume, provide a list of skills you have to otter an employer. A summary of experience, sometimes in paragraph form, sometimes in list-form, quickly summarizes your career to date usually indicating the number of years in particular fields and areas of focus or expertise.

The “summary” or “summary of qualifications” consists of several concise statements that focus the reader’s attention on the most important qualities, achievements and abilities you have to offer. Those qualities should be the most compelling demonstrations of why they should hire you instead of the other candidates. It gives you a brief opportunity to telegraph a few of your most sterling qualities.

When to Use a Skills Summary or Summary of Experience

Deciding whether or not to include a skills/experience summary is mostly a matter of style. If you have a significant level of experience, it is a good way to help the reader quickly summarize your qualifications. If you are changing careers and are afraid that a recruiter quickly scanning your resume will dismiss you as unqualified, a skills summary is one way to call attention to your transferable skills. You should include information from your background that is most applicable to the position you seek.

Education

The placement of your education is dependent upon what part of your experience you would like to highlight most. As a general rule, a couple of years after graduation, it is appropriate to highlight your work experience, rather than your education, so the education section is placed toward the bottom of the resume. However, for students applying on- campus or fresh graduates, it is appropriate to place the education section at the top of the resume. This is also in keeping with the typical reverse chronological order of most resumes

For the most part, the distance rule is also a good guideline for how much information you include in the education section. It you are a recent graduate, It is appropriate if you are so inclined, to include extracurricular activities, academic honors and group memberships In this section. These can act as signalers’ to employers on your areas of interest and well roundedness.

However, an employer does not have to know everything you have ever done. Remember to think about the resume as a marketing document. Include your GPA/percentage marks only if it indicates that you are in the top 1O-20% of the students in your class. You may also include any organizations of which you were a member.

The more experience you have, the less likely an employer is to be interested in what you did or what you were interested in during school and will spend far more time on the employment section of your resume. For the experienced job seeker, Indicating the institution, degree area of study and graduation date will usually suffice. If you had notable academic honors, It is probably worth including them regardless of how many years ago you achieved them. Again, keep in mind that space on a resume is precious, and be judicious about what you include

Experience

What Type of Experience to Include

The experience section Is the most important section of your resume. Regardless of placement style or format, it Is the section of the resume where employers will spend the most time.

  • o The experience section may Include not just full-time experience for which you have been paid but also applicable volunteer experience and internships.
  • Include all experiences that demonstrate the skills that are needed to be successful at the job for which you are applying.

The more experience you have, the less important It is to cover every period of your life on your resume. Do not make the mistake of filling your resume with unimportant Information just to account for time. it may be appropriate to list your employers, titles and dates on your resume In chronological order, but you don’t necessarily have to have a description for each job.

Format - Reverse Chronological or Functional

There are two basic types of resumes:

  1. Based on describing experience using reverse chronological order of your - positions.
  2. Divlded into sets on the basis of functions/skills projects.

The most common type of resume Is chronological, because recruiters eyes are trained to, lock at resumes this way, you should think long and hard before straying from this format If you chose to use the reverse chronologlcal format. It is Important to consider whether you wish to highlight your title or the name of the firm for whom you worked. Just because the vast majority of resumes that you see have the firm name first, does not mean that this is the prescribed format. For example, if you have worked for financial firms in marketing positions and are now interested in marketing at a consumer products firm, highlighting your titles makes more sense then highlighting your employer.

The functional format can be effective for SOME individuals. It is very useful for people whose experience is mostly free-lance, consulting or project based because organizing a resume chronologically by title and firm name is unwieldy it not impossible for this type of experience. A functional resume can also be effective for those trying to make a dramatic career switch because it allows you to highlight applicable skills immediately rather than outlining firms and titles the reader may have no interest in or understanding of.

A third option is a combination, or hybrid of the chronological and functional resume. This option allows you to highlight certain skills, expertise or areas of experience within a particular job. This is useful for career changers who desire to quickly point out to the recruiter their existing transferable skills. It is also a great way to break up a resume if you have been working at one firm for several years.

Personal/Additional Information

Most resumes will include a section, which details interests, specialized skills or other personal information. But please note, additional sections are not obligatory. It may be that the space on your resume would be better used to further describe your work experience. However, additional sections in the resume can be a great place to include things that you would like employers to know that don't seem to fit anywhere else. For example. sections for language skills, publications, patents, computer skills (not necessary unless you are applying for a technically oriented job), professional affiliations or certifications are all appropriate. If you have significant accomplishments that you achieved early on in life or outside of work, which you would like employers to be aware of, include them in a section titled additional information. listing these kinds of accomplishments is an excellent way to send a message about you, whether it is commitment to excellence, well-roundness, intellectual curiosity or sophistication. Many interviewers appreciate this type of information because it gives them easy lead-ins to get the interview going. You also never know what common interests you may have with an interviewer, which almost always starts things off on a comfortable note. It is usually not appropriate for resumes, to include your age, sex. marital status or religion. This standard, however, varies greatly from culture to culture. If you are seeking a job outside of your own country, a vital part of your market research is finding out what the norm is for resumes and making sure that you comply. To do otherwise will only indicate your lack of knowledge about the culture.

Remember to think of the resume as an advertisement.

  • Highlight Strengths and de-emphasize weaknesses.
  • Focus on whatever is strongest and most impressive.
  • Make careful and strategic choices as to how to Organize, order and convey your skills and background.

Eliminate any extraneous information and any repetitions. Don’t use three examples when one will suffice. Say what you want to say in the most direct words possible, rather than trying to impress with bigger words or more complex sentences.

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Comments

Dwarika Chandra on 2009-03-02 18:24:05 wrote,

Thank you ........it is very important for us.......

Soonu Verma on 2009-04-17 17:38:28 wrote,

thanks bro its very nice

Deepak Arora on 2009-04-20 15:35:21 wrote,

Good work, keep it up

MOHD AMJAD on 2010-02-08 20:06:48 wrote,

please send a resume

Dhanan Jeyan on 2010-09-22 11:48:12 wrote,

Thannk you very much! It is very useful to us.
create a template for resume! It also very useful to us.