Water is ephemeral and though we see it everywhere, we have still not realized the importance of water in our daily life. We continue to waste water and now we are standing on the verge of a severe crisis. As i was writing this i came across the news of water riots in Bundelkhand. The region is facing drought for the 5th consecutive year. Rainless skies and soaring mercury have triggered water riots in districts like Mahoba and Banda, where cracked lands and cattle carcasses on the roadside have been a common sight for some time now.
The World Bank has warned India of an era of severe water scarcity and said New Delhi needs to make major changes in its water management policies. "Unless dramatic changes are made in the way the government manages water, India will have neither the cash to maintain and build new infrastructure, nor the water required for the economy and people," said the bank in September 2006. It added that 70 percent of India's irrigation water and 80 percent of its domestic water supplies now come from its rapidly depleting groundwater reserves.
The summer has just set in and we are watching and reading the news of water scarcity in the various part of the country. The heat is scorching and the rivers are not flooding with the water and it ultimately poses serious threat. The situation is same everywhere be it rural or urban location. The Yamuna in Delhi, the Musi in Hyderabad, the Adyar in Chennai have been reduced to filthy drains. Smaller towns have not been spared either. Ground water tables have depleted rapidly in states such as Delhi, Gujarat, Maharshtra, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. With the situation getting grim one need to realize the importance of conserving the water. Water conservation has become the need of the day.
Across the country, water authorities are challenging residents to cut their usage of this precious and finite resource. Saving water in small ways really adds up by the end of the day.
A little step from all of us in the forward direction can be effective in conserving the water. The one big solution is the rain water harvesting. Rainwater harvesting essentially means collecting rainwater on the roofs of building and storing it underground for later use. Not only does this recharging arrest groundwater depletion, it also raises the declining water table and can help augment water supply.
Fresh drinking water is the biggest problem that we face today. Indian government has done little to address the massive water shortage problem and its impact on overall infrastructure of the nation. The experts have commented that the country's population will outstrip the availability of water in the next four decades.
Make more and more people around you aware of necessity of conserving the water.Remember only 1% of the world's water is usable to us. About 97% is salty sea water, and 2% is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps. Thus that 1% of the world's water supply is a precious commodity necessary for our survival. Dehydration (lack of water) will kill us faster than starvation (lack of food). Water has always been perceived as a gift from the god as it rained from the heaven and now we must conserve it before its too late.
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