Temperature Sensor With Digital Output - Online Article

This is a very simple Temperature Sensor. It uses LM35DT as a semiconductor Temperature Sensor which operates with a +5 volt DC.

Circuit Diagram

Temprature Sensor.jpg

Parts Used

  1. Transformer � 9-0-9 Center Tapped
  2. Bridge Rectifier ��Integrated Circuits (IC) 1.�Analog � to � Digital Converter � ADC0804 2.�IC - 7805
  3. Transistor � LM35DT (Temperature Sensor)
  4. Capacitors � 1000uF, 150pF
  5. Resistors � 1K
  6. Variable Resistors � 5K (1.2V to 37V)
  7. Power Supply � 5V DC, 230V AC

Circuit Description/Working

The Temperature Sensor (LM35DT) produces an analog output voltage, proportional to the change in surrounding temperature in Celsius scale (2mv/C). The analog output of the sensor is then passed to the ADC0804 IC which produces an 8-bit binary output (digital output) corresponding to the analog input voltage. The digital output from ADC is then used to glow the LED which indicates the high/low logic (LED ON: Logic 0, LED OFF: Logic 1).

The output of the ADC can be interfaced to a 7-segment display using a 7-segment driver or the digital output can be interfaced to a PC / microcontroller. The bottom portion of the schematic shows a fixed and a variable power supply which inputs 220 volts AC from the wall outlet in your house, the transformer then steps-down it to 18 volts AC (9-0-9 centre-tapped), which is then converted to DC using bridge rectifier.

The fixed regulator IC (7805) produces a +5 volts regulated output which is used to operate the Sensor and the ADC0804 IC. It also outputs a variable voltage controlled by a 5K variable resistor which is used to adjust the scaling of the ADC0804 (normally for full scale, it is set to 2.5 volts).

Further modification may include an automatic control circuitry interfaced to the ADC which automatically ON/off the device whose temperature is to be control/monitor. The automatic control can be achieved by OP-AMP based comparators or using a microcontroller/microprocessor.

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