If you or someone you know is affected by loss of bladder control, you are not alone. Urinary incontinence affects 30 to 50% of women; although the rates go up with age, incontinence among young women is quite ordinary. This situation affects men and women, although it is nearly twice as ordinary in women. The prevalence of urinary incontinence does increase with age, but it is not considered usual at any age. Doctors should routinely question women over age 65 about bladder evils, counting overactive bladder.
Incontinence is a symptom with a wide diversity of causes. The most ordinary causes include the following:
- Urinary tract infection
- Side effect of medication: Examples include alpha-blockers, calcium channel blockers, antidepressants, antihistamines, sedatives, sleeping pills, narcotics, caffeine-containing preparations, and water pills (diuretics). Occasionally, the medicines used to treat some forms of incontinence can also worsen the incontinence if not prescribed correctly.
- Impacted stool: Stool becomes so tightly packed in the lower intestine and rectum that a bowel movement becomes very difficult or impossible.
- Weakness of muscles in the bladder and surrounding area: This can have a variety of causes.
- Overactive bladder
- Bladder irritation
- Blocked urethra, usually due to enlarged prostate
Bladder control Treatment
Many people who have incontinence do not seek treatment because they believe the only treatment available to them is surgery. This is a misconception; treatments for incontinence include behavioral, medical, and surgical approaches.
Generally, behavioral therapies are the first choice; because they are noninvasive and have no side effects, they are the safest. A variety of medical treatments are available. Surgery is usually reserved for people whose problem does not improve with behavioral and medical therapy.
Your overall medical situation, the type of bladder manage problem you have, and your lifestyle will all determine which treatments are right for you. Talk to your health-care provider; together you can come up with a treatment plan that works for you.
Self-Care at Home
Incontinence is never usual. If you have a difficulty with urine leakage, you should see a medical expert.
While waiting for your meeting, make yourself more at ease.
- Keep away from foods and drinks that may irritate the bladder. These comprise alcohol, caffeine, carbonated drinks, chocolate, citrus fruits, and acidic fruits and juices.
- Do not drink too much fluid; 6-8 cups a day is adequate, but you may need more if you are exercising, sweating a lot, or the weather is hot. In people with kidney stone disease, voiding at least 2 liters of fluid per day is significant. Fluid restriction may lead to stone growth or configuration.
- Urinate frequently.
- Do not ignore the urge to urinate or to have a bowel group.
- If you are overweight, try to lose weight and reach a healthier weight.
- If necessary, wear absorbent pads to catch urine.
- Uphold proper hygiene. This will assist you feel more confident and will stop odors and skin annoyance.
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