Dry skin has a low level of sebum and can be prone to sensitivity. The skin has a parched look caused by its inability to retain moisture. It usually feels "tight" and uncomfortable after washing unless some type of moisturizer or skin cream is applied. Chapping and cracking are signs of extremely dry, dehydrated skin.
Dryness is exacerbated by wind, extremes of temperature and air-conditioning, all of which cause the skin to flake, chap and feel tight. This type of skin is tightly drawn over bones. It looks dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes. There may be tiny expression lines on these spots and at the comers of the mouth.
Causes of Dry Skin
1. The oil glands do not supply enough lubrication to the skin. As a result, the skin becomes dehydrated.
2. Skin gets exposed to the elements especially in winter.
3. Dry skin could be due to a genetic condition.
4. Poor diet. Nutritional deficiencies, especially deficiencies of vitamin A and the B vitamins, can also contribute to dry skin.
5. Environmental factors such as exposure to sun, wind, cold, chemicals, or cosmetics, or excessive bathing with harsh soaps.
6. Conditions such as dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, or seborrhea.
Dry Skin Care
1. Apply a spray of mineral water on your skin misted on with a plant sprayer every morning and pat your skin dry.
2. Cleanse your dry skin regularly. Make sure your skin gets extra careful protection. Washing dry skin with soap and water not only removes grime but also the natural oils protecting the skin. A moisturizer increases the water content of the outer layers of the skin and gives it a soft, moist look.
3. Use non detergent, neutral-pH products to cleanse your skin. Avoid using any commercial soap. And always touch your face gently. Double-cleanse with a cream, leaving a light, thin trace of it on the skin after the second cleansing.
4. Follow a bath or a shower with a mild application of baby oil. Massage your face with home-made nourishing cream every night before retiring. Be generous with the cream in the areas surrounding the eyes where tiny lines and crows feet are born.
5. Avoid coming in contact with highly alkaline soaps and detergents like washing soaps and powders which contain highly alkaline and drying ingredients.
6. Moisten with water, and then apply a thin film of air-excluding moisturizer, this will restore the suppleness of the dry skin.
7. Don't put any heavy creams on the thin skin directly surrounding your eyes, as they will cause the skin to puff up, a process which can lead to sagging skin eventually. Instead use specifically formulated eye cream or gel.
8. Avoid the use of tap water when cleansing dry skin. The deposits are too drying on the skin. Use mineral water to freshen your face.
9. Do not use harsh soaps, cold cream, or cleansing creams on your skin. Cleansing creams are made from hydrogenated oils, which can cause free radical damage to the skin, resulting in dryness and wrinkles. Instead, use pure olive, avocado, or almond oil to cleanse the skin. Pat the oil on, and then wash it off with warm water and a soft cloth.
10. If your skin is chapped or cracked, increase your consumption of water and essential fatty acids. Keep any chapped areas well lubricated and protected from the elements.
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