The birth of child has been always considered as a very auspicious occasion. Right from that time, the parents and otherrelatives start researching in to even the very minute things, hisname, his education, and much more; all those things that can affectthis small little life at any point in his future.
Education, in today’s time especially, has always been a very important concern for the parents. Nursery’s to primary schools to higher schools and then graduation with finally ending up in the job is what forms one of the major ingredients of one’s life. It never ends,as it continues throughout one’s lifetime. Its not that you need to bemaster in some particular field and leave the rest, as life cannot goon like that. Sociology, cultural aspects, spiritual thoughts, environmental education apart from the field of your specializationare some of the other areas of education that a child learns naturallywhile living in his family, clan relatives, community, at his work. Theknowledge gets sharpen as he gets more exposure in the world and thus it continues to grow endlessly.
Looking back in to the rich past of the country, onecan easily observe the various ups and downs that the education systemof India has gone through. With the change in the rule over aterritory, changed the education policies; sometimes taking the systemin a positive direction while at other times, proved a curse to thesociety.
The pre-dominant Vedic System over India always mandated inequality of educational opportunity, while the reforms created by Buddhism and Ashoka tried to change the myths of the Indian minds and moved them in to more liberal and equal men policies. The British were also successful in partially breaking the inequality by establishing new institutions, but ultimately reinforcedelite caste dominance through differentiated education and compromisesmade to upper caste by British administrators so as to protect theirrule in the country.
Now that we have an independent democratic country, the constitution framers took the care to spread the importance of education to all Indians and looked it over as the major constituent for the growth and development of the country and includeda directive in the constitution urging all states to provide "free andcompulsory education for all children until they complete the age of 14years". For the implementation of the same, the state and central governments have separately opened many schools in the country popularly known as "Sarvodaya Vidhyalaya" and “Kendriya Vidhyalaya” respectively. These are meant to provide the free quality schooling education to especially the weaker section of the society, those who are poor enough to afford the day meals.
There are other private as well as state combined with private schoolsin the country, that though have fee structure entirely different fromthat of the government schools where the education is entirely free,but excel in providing the quality education to the children.
Indian schooling takes basically fourteen years from child’s lifetime, starting with the nursery classes at the age of around three years, where a child learns the basic alphabets of English and other tools of the basic subjects. The idea is to develop the capability of recognizing and understanding the things around the kids. As the student gets promoted to the higher classes, he comes to know about the variousaspects of our society, the history - geography of the country, ourconstitution, the basic science that rules nature, a bit of algebra andmuch more. In the last two years of his schooling, a child is made to specialize in the field which he opts to take as his career.All this time, it’s not just the books that are included in the coursecurriculum to develop in him the skills of being a hard working childthat believes to go deep in to the concept rather than becoming just aregurgitate, sports and other cultural activities arealso added up in the day routine so that the refreshment along with thedevelopment of new skills may be developed in the child. The culturalactivities may range from painting, gardening, dance,photography to whatever you can think of while in sports the schoolsnormally do cover the basic games like cricket, swimming, football,basket ball, hockey, chess, carom-board, table tennis, etc. There are schools that even have activities like horse riding included in their daily schedule.
In order to promote these, various competitions at school or state and even at national levels are held once or more in a year. The government has made reservations up to around five percent in the higher education for such students who have actually created a landmark in their sports career while studying in the school.
Indian schooling is yet to achieve that perfect statethat the freedom fighters must have visualized while writing down theconstitution; with each and every Indian child being able to read andwrite. The progress in this concern though has been slow as India’spopulation is expected to reach one billion in the coming up time whilethe number of students who will be able to proudly call themselves literate is expected to be mere one-third of the total percentage, the major part of the two-third percentage being constituted by the children of the rural areas, especially females. Most of them prefer to sit and work like their elders, thus becoming an earning hand from the very beginning of their childhood. To them studies appear as the wastage of time and this, results in dropping out of the schools by most of the students even before the fifth grade. Their dropping out nature cannot be just concluded on the basis of their lack of interest, it is also because of the poor facilities and lack of schools and efficient school teachers in these rural areas. Most of the qualified teachers prefer to stay back in the cities, while only few of the unqualified teachers opt to go to teach in the rural areas, who also end up frustratingly as there is hardly any electricity, computers and most importantly books and school buildings at times even to deliver their knowledge successfully.
Even after these obstacles, there are states like Kerla in the country that have been able to achieve literacy rate as high as 95% to 98%. It is primarily because of the state’s education policies and individual’s effort that the state has been able to develop and keep a proper pace with time.
To conclude with, it can be said that although IndianEducation System has few visible flaws, the curriculum of it so very complete and well defined that it develops a hard working and dedication in the student, which keeps him at much higher ranks when itcomes to judging an Indian child on global level.
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